A group of Corinthians, lead by Archia, arrives at Ortigia island and, after having shooed, establishes the polis of Syrakousai.
The city is besieged by the Romans guided by the consul Marco Claudio Marcellus and, after a very long time, succumbs.
During the empire of Dioclezianus, on 13h December, there is the martyrdom of Saint Lucy, who immediately becomes the protector of the city.
Siracusa becomes, for just five years, capital of Eastern Roman Empire.
The city is taken by the Arabs.
Byzantin general Giorgio Maniace takes the city with some Italian and Norman comrades. Among them, William Iron Arm.
Siracusa becomes headquarters of the Queens of Sicily, and is ruled by them for a long period.
After a terrible heartquake, the city is rebuild in a Baroque style, that has a great flowering in all the south-eastern Sicily.
Lord Horation Nelson is received with a great welcome at the port of Syracuse, before leaving to Egypt to fight against Napoleone Bonaparte.
Siracusa and the Pantalica necropolis, is inscribed on the World Heritage List.